The French Open is the second of four Grand Slam tennis tournaments held in each calendar year. Because it’s held on the clay courts of Stade Roland Garros in Paris, it’s also known as Roland-Garros.
Clay is a challenging surface on which to play tennis: it gives balls a slower bounce than grass, meaning that endurance and technique are emphasized over pure power. Tennis greats like Venus Williams, John McEnroe, Martina Hingis, and Pete Sampras never won the French Open. Other athletes thrive here—more than half of Rafael Nadal’s 22 Grand Slam singles titles are at the French Open.